McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One builder and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fabricator, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the 2nd earliest active, and second most successful Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Champions and eight Constructors' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. More American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a screening accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take full control of the group. This began the team's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every fitters' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season considering that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would click here run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars and trucks.